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Ecological Design and Planning

At bioSEA, we create green and blue strategies that are context-appropriate, ecological functional, highly biodiverse, and climate-resilient. By placing emphasis on the circularity of green and blue systems, we help to enhance the ecological and conservation value of a place whilst balancing human needs. We collaborate with landscape architects to deliver biodiversity matrices and recommend planting palettes that are fauna-appropriate. We also design appropriate ecological infrastructures such as wildlife crossings and other flora and fauna enhancement structures.


Nature-Centric Assessments

Greenery can provide important ecosystem services such as air temperature regulation, transpiration, erosion control, carbon uptake as well as positive mental well-being. bioSEA conducts:

  • biodiversity and social surveys

  • ecosystem services assessments

  • WELL building assessments

to inform our clients on how they can quantitatively achieve environmental benefits in line with the UN Sustainable Development Goals.


Biomimicry in Architecture

bioSEA consults architects and urban planners on the most relevant natural design strategies. We believe that buildings of today can be more sustainable with the help of biomimicry (design inspired by


An example of how we apply biomimicry to building design.

1 = mimicking termite mounds for efficient cooling;

2 = mimicking chameleon’s skin for an interactive façade;

3 = mimicking UV patterns similar to a spider web on glass facades to prevent bird collisions;

4 = mimicking the structures on a lotus leaf to create self-cleaning facades.  

Biomimicry in Architecture


We mimic nature's strategies in the design of our built environment.

The bioSEA team is trained in mimicking nature's optimized strategies to solve your most vexing built design problems. We like to step work closely with the Architect, Landscape Architect, and Ecologist in the project's design phase, to develop out of the box time-tested building forms and patterns.


Because there is no framework for this kind of thinking in South East Asia, we are developing a toolkit to bring tropical rainforest strategies in architecture for more efficient and sustainable tropical living. 


Ecological and Conservation Planning

We take a landscape approach in creating a biodiversity strategy that is both ecologically functional and enhances the conservation value of the place.


This is achieved by gaining an in-depth understanding of the site, natural vegetation around it, carefully evaluating landscape level corridors that link vital green patches and by engaging with the local conservation community of their knowledge of native species.

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An example of increasing the patch size and connectivity of green areas at the landscape scale 


Biodiversity Surveys


We conduct a detailed assessment of the numbers and types of species found at a site before, during and after construction. These are based on rigorous scientific surveys of key biodiversity groups such as mammals, birds, butterflies, plants. The survey data is analyzed using robust statistical techniques so we can be sure if the sampling was sufficient and that we can predict the numbers of species that can be found at your site. Pre-construction surveys can be crucial inputs to the design whereas post-construction surveys help assess the ecological success of your design. We also develop a long-term biodiversity monitoring strategy so one can be assured that the animals and plants continue to have a home at the site.                  



Ecosystem Services



Greenery can provide important ecosystem services such as air temperature regulation, transpiration, erosion control, carbon uptake, oxygen release as well as mental well-being. We calculate key ecosystem services and deliver those most relevant to your design and compare them with the ecosystem services of a pristine forest in the same climate regime. So you know how your design compares with nature's design. Now that's setting a high aspiration for your design!   

Nature Reflecting on Crystal Glass

Social Impact of greenery 


Greenery is good for wildlife but does it also matter to people and how? This is a pivotal question in today's built environment. 


We answer this by engaging a range of stakeholders from residents to visitors to understand their perceptions and motivations about the greenery of a place.


Education & Experiences


At B i o S E A, we believe that education is the passport to the future. We teach workshops and courses ranging from half-day to semester-long in-depth immersions on the ecology and biomimicry for architects and designers. These can be a combination of classroom sessions, nature excursions, site visits, teamwork and experiential learning. 


We also love to integrate learning with play by creating physical learning spaces. We call these nature-inspired places - ecology and biomimicry corners.